Does this help you?

Research database

With help from Ryerson Law Research Centre, CLEO has put together an annotated bibliography of research on public legal education and information. This is a work in progress and we continue to add research reports on an ongoing basis.

To search for a report by keyword, use the “Search” text bar at the top right hand corner of the page. Or, to filter the database by authoring organization, topic, country, date or keyword in the report title, see below.

Help us make this a useful and comprehensive resource. Let us know if we’ve missed a report, or if your organization has conducted  research relating to PLE that’s not included here. You can reach us at Thank you!

Search/Filter Database


258 results found
Results per page: << First< Prev10Next >Last >>
Title Author Organization Topic Location Date
An evaluation of the Clicklaw Wikibook “JP Boyd on Family Law”: Phase 1 Final Report Bertrand, Lorne D. Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family Evaluation; Formats and delivery channels; PLE development and delivery Canada 2015
Summary Legal Advice Services in Alberta: Year 1 Results from the Community Legal Clinic Surveys Bertrand, Lorne D. Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family Formats and delivery channels Canada 2017
Effective and Affordable Civil Justice BC Justice Review Task Force Law Society of British Columbia Access to Justice Canada 2006
The Geography of Civil Legal Services in Ontario Baxter, Jamie The Ontario Civil Legal Needs Project Steering Committee Needs assessments Canada 2011
The Cost of Uncertainty: Navigating the Boundary Between Legal Information and Legal Services in the Access to Justice Sector Bates, Emily; Bond, Jennifer University of Ottawa Refugee Assistance Program Formats and delivery channels Canada 2016
Legal Aid in Europe: Nine Different Ways to Guarantee Access to Justice? Barendrecht, Maurits; Kistemaker, Laura; Scholten, Henk Jan; Schrader, Ruby HiiL the Netherlands 2014
Apples and Oranges: An International Comparison of the Public’s Experience of Justiciable Problems and the Methodological Issues Affecting Comparative Study Balmer, Nigel J.; Pleasance, Pascoe University College London Evaluation; Needs assessments United Kingdom and United States 2016
Health Inequality and Access to Justice: Young People, Mental Health and Legal Issues Balmer, Nigel J.; Hagell, Ann Youth Access Children and youth; Legal capability or literacy; PLE audiences United Kingdom 2015
How People Understand and Interact with the Law Balmer, Nigel J.; Denvir, Catrina Legal capability or literacy United Kingdom 2015
Just a Phone Call Away: Is Telephone Advice Enough? Balmer, Nigel J.; Denvir, Catrina; Patel, Ash Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law Formats and delivery channels; PLE development and delivery United Kingdom 2012
Annexe to the PLEAS Task Force Report: Education Implications from the English and Welsh Civil and Social Justice Survey Balmer, Nigel J.; Buck, Alexy Ministry of Justice, UK Legal capability or literacy; Legal information best practices United Kingdom 2007
Knowledge, capability and the experience of rights problems Balmer, Nigel J.; Buck, Alexy; Denvir, Catrina; Patel, Ash Law for Life Legal capability or literacy United Kingdom 2010
When I tell my story, I’m in charge: Ethical and effective storytelling in advocacy Ball, Rachel Victoria Law Foundation Formats and delivery channels; Legal capability or literacy Australia 2013
Access to Justice For All: Towards an “Expansive Vision” of Justice and Technology Bailey, Jane; Burkell, Jacquelyn Windsor Yearbook on Access to Justice PLE development and delivery Canada 2013
Rural & Remote Access to Justice: A Literature Review Aylwin, Nicole Canadian Forum on Civil Justice PLE audiences Canada 2015
Selected Annotated Bibliography of National and Regional Legal Needs Surveys Aylwin, Nicole Canadian Forum on Civil Justice Needs assessments Canada 2016
Family law information hub project evaluation, Final report Atlantic Evaluation Group Inc. PLEI Service of New Brunswick Evaluation Canada 2011
The Justice Debate: Facing the future. Public Legal Education – Unfinished business? Ardill, Nony Law for Life Legal information best practices United Kingdom 2002
The Community Development Process of RoseNet Anderson, Kathleen University of Alberta Women Canada 1994
Accessible written information resources for adults with intellectual disability: compiling the evidence to inform good practice Anderson, J. et al Scope; University of Melbourne People with literacy barriers Australia 2017
Violence against women in CALD communities: Understandings and actions to prevent violence against women in CALD communities AMES Australia Australian Government Department of Social Services PLE audiences Australia 2016
For Comment: Issues Paper Concerning Legal Checkups American Bar Association Commission on the Future of Legal Services American Bar Association Health and justice United States 2016
Report on the Future of Legal Services in the United States American Bar Association American Bar Association Access to Justice; Formats and delivery channels United States 2016
The Law Foundation of Ontario Connecting Region: Final Evaluation Report Alcalde, Judit CAP Consulting Access to Justice; Newcomers, immigrants or refugees; PLE audiences; PLE development and delivery Canada 2018
Addressing the Needs of Self-represented Litigants in the Canadian Justice System: a White Paper Prepared for the Association of Canadian Court Administrators Albrecht, Bradley; Farrow, Trevor C.W.; Lowe, Diana; Manweiller, Heather Association of Canadian Court Administrators Access to Justice Canada 2012