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Research database

With help from Ryerson Law Research Centre, CLEO has put together an annotated bibliography of research on public legal education and information. This is a work in progress and we continue to add research reports on an ongoing basis.

To search for a report by keyword, use the “Search” text bar at the top right hand corner of the page. Or, to filter the database by authoring organization, topic, country, date or keyword in the report title, see below.

Help us make this a useful and comprehensive resource. Let us know if we’ve missed a report, or if your organization has conducted  research relating to PLE that’s not included here. You can reach us at Thank you!

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261 results found
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Title Author Organization Topic Location Date
Addressing the Needs of Self-represented Litigants in the Canadian Justice System: a White Paper Prepared for the Association of Canadian Court Administrators Albrecht, Bradley; Farrow, Trevor C.W.; Lowe, Diana; Manweiller, Heather Association of Canadian Court Administrators Access to Justice Canada 2012
Alaska’s justice ecosystem: Building a partnership of providers Kimmel, Mara; Marz, Stacey Alaska Court System Access to Justice Committee PLE audiences United States 2017
Alberta Legal Services Mapping Project: An Overview of Findings from the Eleven Judicial Districts Stratton, Mary Canadian Forum on Civil Justice Needs assessments Canada 2011
Alberta Self-Represented Litigants Mapping Project: Final Report Stratton, Mary Canadian Forum on Civil Justice Self-help Canada 2007
An evaluation of the Clicklaw wikibook “JP Boyd on Family Law”: final report Boyd, JP Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family Formats/delivery channels Canada 2016
An evaluation of the Clicklaw Wikibook “JP Boyd on Family Law”: Phase 1 Final Report Bertrand, Lorne D. Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family Evaluation; Formats/delivery channels; PLE and technology Canada 2015
An evaluation resource book for public legal education and information organizations Currie, Janet Department of Justice Canada Evaluation Canada 1986
An International Review of Early Neutral Evaluation Programs and Their Use in Family Law Disputes in Alberta Boyd, JP Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family Access to Justice Canada 2016
Annexe to the PLEAS Task Force Report: Education Implications from the English and Welsh Civil and Social Justice Survey Balmer, Nigel J.; Buck, Alexy Ministry of Justice, UK Legal capability/legal literacy; Needs assessments United Kingdom 2007
Apples and Oranges: An International Comparison of the Public’s Experience of Justiciable Problems and the Methodological Issues Affecting Comparative Study Balmer, Nigel J.; Pleasance, Pascoe University College London Evaluation; Needs assessments United Kingdom and United States 2016
Applications of the Internet for Public Legal Education Gander, Lois Elaine University of Alberta PLE and technology Canada 2002
Assisted Digital Support for Civil Justice System Users: Demand, Design, & Implementation Denvir, Catrina Civil Justice Council PLE and technology United Kingdom 2018
BC Supreme Court Self-Help Information Centre: Initial Evaluation Report Malcolmson, John Justice Education Society of B.C. Self-help Canada 2005
Best practices in the dissemination of integral information to new immigrants, A scoping review Muttersbach, Paige Ministry of Attorney General, British Columbia Immigrant and refugee communities Canada 2010
Beyond great expectations: designing relevant, realistic and effective community legal education and information Forell, Suzie Law and Justice Foundation of New South Wales Legal capability/legal literacy Australia 2015
Breaking down the silos: Overcoming the Practical and Ethical Barriers of Integrating Legal Assistance into a Healthcare Setting Gyorki, Lynda Winston Churchill Memorial Trust of Australia Health care workers Australia 2013
Building Bridges: Improving Legal Services for Aboriginal Peoples Walkem, Ardith Legal Services Society of British Columbia Aboriginal communities Canada 2007
Can digital replace personal in the delivery of legal aid? Smith, Roger PLE and technology United Kingdom 2013
Can Translation Software Help Legal Services Agencies Deliver Legal Information More Effectively in Foreign Languages and Plain English?: An Evaluation of Existing Translation Technology and Recommendations for Future Use Hineline, Anna Legal Assistance of Western New York, Inc. Formats/delivery channels; PLE and technology United States 2013
Canada Public Legal Education and Information Study: Report to Justice Canada COMPAS Inc. Department of Justice Canada Theory Canada 2002
Canadian Access to Justice Initiatives: Justice Development Goals Status Report Action Committee on Access to Justice In Civil and Family Matters Action Committee on Access to Justice in Civil and Family Matters Access to Justice Canada 2017
Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family: Annual Report 2016 Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family Evaluation Canada 2017
Capturing Technological Innovation in Legal Services Chittenden, Tara Law Society of England and Wales Access to Justice; PLE and technology United Kingdom 2017
Case study of Below the Belt phone app: Learning from projects that don’t meet expectations Victoria Legal Aid Victoria Legal Aid Formats/delivery channels Australia 2016
Cases Without Counsel: Our Recommendations After Listening to the Litigants Knowlton, Natalie Anne Institute for the Advancement of the American Legal System Access to Justice; PLE development and delivery United States 2016